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Crohn's disease - medical information

Crohn's disease is a rare condition.

In the UK it is estimated that for every 100,000 people there will be seven new cases of Crohn's disease a year

Causes of Crohn's disease

  • Crohn’s disease is a chronic (long-term) condition that causes inflammation of the lining of the digestive system.
  • Over time, the inflammation can damage sections of the digestive system causing additional complications.
  • The cause of Crohn’s disease is unknown. However, research suggests that a combination of environmental and genetic factors is responsible for the onset of Crohn’s disease.

Symptoms of Crohn's disease

  • Symptoms of Crohn's disease include diarrhoea, abdominal pain and fatigue.

Treatments for Crohn's disease

  • There is currently no cure for Crohn’s disease.
  • However, medication is available that can be used to treat the symptoms and prevent them from returning.
  • Treatments can include the use of steroids, antibiotics and immunosuppresants.
  • This type of medication will help in reducing inflammation.
  • About 80% of people with Crohn’s disease will require surgery in order to relieve their symptoms and to repair damage to their digestive system.

Joseph describes his experience of Crohn's disease, including the tests, symptoms and treatment.

(video from NHS Choices YouTube channel)