Asthma - medical Information

 1.1 million children and young people in the UK are currently receiving treatment for asthma

One in five households in the UK has a person with asthma

Causes of asthma

  • Asthma is a condition that people have that affects their airways – these are the small tubes that carry air in and out of the lungs.
  • When a person with asthma comes into contact with something that irritates their airways (an asthma trigger), the muscles around the walls of the airways tighten so that the airways become narrower and the lining of the airways becomes inflamed and starts to swell.
  • Sometimes sticky mucus or phlegm builds up which can further narrow the airways.
  • All these reactions cause the airways to become narrower and irritated - making it difficult to breath and leading to symptoms of asthma.

Symptoms of asthma

  • Coughing
  • Wheezing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Tightness in the chest

Treatments for asthma
Although there is no cure for asthma, there are some excellent medicines available to help control it.

  • Everyone with asthma should have a reliever inhaler.
  • Reliever inhalers are usually blue.
  • Relievers are medicines that are taken immediately to relieve asthma symptoms.
  • Some children will use a Preventer inhalers.
  • Preventers control the swelling and inflammation in the airways.
  • Preventers are usually brown, red or orange.

Tashaurn, his mum and his nurse talk about living with asthma

(video from NHS Choices YouTube channel)