Most seizures stop without the need for any treatment, but it is important to know how to take care of someone who is having a seizure. Although some seizures can look quite dramatic and be frightening to witness there are just a few simple steps to take:
- Move any hazards out of the way
- Loosen tight clothing around the neck
- Put something soft under their head
- Time how long the seizure lasts
- Then let the seizure run its course.
- When the convulsions have stopped, place the person in the recovery position and stay with them until they are fully alert.
- If the seizure shows no signs of stopping after 5 minutes or if the person is injured, call 999.
For focal seizures that don’t involve loss of conscious a similar approach should be taken:
- Guide the person away from danger or move any dangerous objects out of their way.
- Speak calmly and reassure them.
- Make a note of how the seizure lasts and stay with them until they are fully recovered.
- Some children will be prescribed an emergency or rescue medication that is used to treat seizures that do not stop.
- It is important that an individual emergency protocol is written up and followed for these children.
- If a child is not prescribed an emergency medication, or you are not able to give it for some reason, then an ambulance should be called if the seizure shows no sign of stopping after 5 minutes.